Armenia is a small republic with around 3 million inhabitants. It is trapped between four neighboring countries, namely Georgia, Turkey, Iran and Azerbaijan. The fertile Ararat valley is located in southern Armenia. The country also consists of forests, mountains, hills, lakes and many rivers. The largest rivers are the Araks, the Debed and the Hrazdan. In the east lies the large Lake Sevan. There is a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. 1 / 3rd of the population lives in the capital Yerevan. The city is the industrial, cultural, and scientific center of Armenia. Sights in the city are Materadaran, the library of Yerevan, the Erebuni ruins, the Armenian history museum and the opera house. Other important cities are Armavir, Gyumri, Ararat, Vanadzor, Gavar, Hrazdan, Abovjan and Kapan. The UNESCO World Heritage Site includes the monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin, the Geghard Monastery and the Upper-Azat Valley, the city of Echmiatsin, with its cathedrals and churches and the Zvartnots archaeological site. Other places of interest are the monasteries of Khor Virap, Goris and Agartsin, the Manougian Museum, the Ararat Valley, the ancient Garni fortress and the white Sun Temple.

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