Jordan is a parliamentary monarchy with a 6 million population. Neighboring countries are Syria, Israel, the West Bank, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. It has an open connection to the Red Sea and therefore to the rest of the world via the Gulf of Aqaba. Jordan has three types of landscapes. The East Jordanian desert plateau, the Jordan valley and western hill landscapes. There is largely a desert climate. The capital Amman has just over a million inhabitants and many sights such as the Roman theater, the Odeion, the Roman forum, a folkloric museum, the temple of Hercules and further a Byzantine church, the palace of Umayyads and various mosques. Other important cities are the port city of Aqaba, Al-Karak, Az-Zarqa, Irbid, Ma'an, Rihab, Madaba and Jerash. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes the ancient city of Petra, the historic bathhouse Quseir Amra and the archaeological site of Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a). Other places of interest in Jordan are the archaeological sites of Gadara, Pella and Baydha and the Dead Sea. Furthermore, the nature reserves Dana, Wadi Rum and Wadi Mujib, the town of Madaba and its mountain Nebo and four desert castles, namely Qasr Mushatta, Qasr Azraq, Quseir Amra and Qasr Hraneh.

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