Nepal is a federal republic with approximately 29 million inhabitants. Nepal has two neighboring countries: China and India. Nepal's landscape is varied. In the north are the Himalayan mountain ranges and the swampy lowlands of the Terai in the south. In between, hilly landscape and fertile valleys. Furthermore, bamboo and ancient forests and rivers. Nepal is characterized by the many climate zones. An alpine climate with constant frost prevails in the Himalayas. In the south in the Terai and Churai a warm and humid subtropical climate. A temperate climate prevails in the central part of Nepal. The capital Kathmandu has 800,000 inhabitants and its sights include the many Buddhist temples and palaces and Durbar Square, with the royal palace. Furthermore, the tourist district of Thamel and the antique architecture. UNESCO World Heritage Sites include the national parks of Sagarmatha and Royal Chitwan, Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha and the Kathmandu Valley with over 130 monuments including Changu Narayan, Swayambhunath Stupa, Bouddhanath Stupa, the Pashupatinath temple and the three Durbar Squares of the cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapurs. Sights are the many parks, the city of Pokhara, the flora and fauna and places of pilgrimage

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