North Korea is a state in north east Asia with approximately 23.5 million inhabitants. It borders China, Russia and South Korea. The Northern part of the Korean peninsula lies between two seas. To the west of the country lies the Yellow Sea and to the east North Korea has a coastline with the Japanese sea. The landscape is mountainous, with high peaks and deep valleys. Fertile lowlands along the west coast. The Tumen and Yalu rivers form the border with China and Russia in the north. There is a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. The capital Pyongyang has about 3 million inhabitants and is characterized by the communist architecture. The city is full of propaganda in honor of Kim Il Sung and his son Kim Jong Il. Sights include Juche tower, the triumphal arch and the Ryugyong Hotel, the May 1 stadium, the palace of culture and the burial place of revolutionary martyrs. Other important cities are Hamhŭng, Hyesan, Kaesŏng, Sinuiju and the port cities of Kimch'aek, Namp'o and Rajin. Furthermore, the industrial city of Chongjin and the ancient city of Kaeson with many temples, pagodas and the palace complex. Just outside this city is the burial mound of King Kongmin. The Koguryo tombs complex is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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