Oman is located on the Arabian Peninsula and has 3 million inhabitants. Neighboring countries are Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The coastline borders the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The Musandam peninsula lies between through the United Arab Emirates and the Strait of Hormuz. The landscape is defined by limestone mountains, dunes, salt plains, rugged mountain landscape with deep fjords, wide coastal strips, a gravel plain, green hills and the Rub al-Khali desert. It is dry in the north, very hot in the desert areas. In the south it is cooler because of the monsoon. It is even colder in the Hajjar Mountains. Capital Muscat consists of 550,000 inhabitants and its sights are the palace of the sultan, Al Alam, the Bait Al Zubair museum, the Grand Mosque, the Mutrah souq and two forts. Other important cities are Salalah, Nizwa, Rustaq, Sohar, Sur and Sinesla. The UNESCO World Heritage Site includes the Bahla Fort, the Bat, Al Khoetm and Al Ayn Archeological Sites, the Olibanum Route and the Aflaj Irrigation Systems. Sights are Wadi Bani Awf, the Wahiba Sands, the Dhofar province, the turtle beach of Ras Al Jinz, Fort Nakhal, the Jabrin fort, the ruins of Al-Balid and the Daymaniyat Islands.

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