Pakistan is a country in Asia with 168 million inhabitants. The Islamic republic is located on the Indian subcontinent. Neighboring countries are Iran, Afghanistan, China and India. In the south, Pakistan has a coastline with the Arabian Sea. In the north the landscape is very mountainous. From here many rivers flow to the sea, which meet in the Indus. The rivers flow through centrally located lowlands of Punjab. To the south lie the Sindh plain, the Kirthar mountains, deserts and the vast plateau of Baluchistan. For the most part there is a desert climate, more to the sea it is a lot cooler. It is colder in the northern mountains. In the northeast a lot of rain falls through the southwest monsoon. The capital Islamabad has 550,000 inhabitants and sights such as the Red Mosque or the Lal Masjid, Shah Faisal mosque and the many the bazaars. Other important cities are Karachi, Rawalpindi, Gilgit, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Sukkur and Lahore. The UNESCO World Heritage List includes the archaeological ruins in Moenjodaro and Taxila, the historical monuments of Thatta, the Rohtas Fort and the Buddhist ruins in Takhti Bahi and adjacent city remains in Sahri Bahlol. Furthermore, the fort and the Shalamar gardens in Lahore.

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