South Korea is a country with more than 49 million inhabitants. It is located on the southern part of the Korean peninsula and is enclosed by the Yellow Sea, the Bay of Korea and the Japanese Sea. North Korea is the only neighbor. To the south and west are around 2,900 islands that belong to South Korea. The landscape is largely mountainous. Only the south and west are flatter. The beaches lie to the southeast. There is a moderate country climate. The capital Seoul consists of 11 million inhabitants and its sights are the palace complexes, the Cheonggyecheon stream, the Samjeondo monument, the Yongsan Electronics Market and the Sungnyemun. Furthermore, many parks, temples and museums. Other important cities are Seogwipo and the textile city Daegu, Suwon, Ulsan, Yongpyong, Gwangju and the port cities of Busan and Incheon. Daejeon is known for the Korean Institute for Space Research. The UNESCO World Heritage List contains and still includes the historical parts of the city of Gyeongju, the Jongmyo Shrine, the Hwaseong Fortress, the places Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa and the Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, repository of the Korean Tripitaka logs. Furthermore, the volcanic island of Jeju and the Seokguram cave with the Bulguksa temple.

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