Turkmenistan is a country in Asia with more than 5 million inhabitants. Neighboring countries are Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Iran. To the west, the republic has a coastline with the Caspian Sea. Central and in the west the landscape is determined by the Karakum desert. In the east there are mountains and northeastern lower areas. In the south there are mountain plateaus with steep canyons, but also hills and dry sandy slopes. There are a number of islands off the coast of the Caspian Sea. There is a continental subtropical climate. The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat. The textile city has 770,000 inhabitants. Sights are the Bahai temple, the historical museum, the royal palace and the mosque, the Tekke bazaar and the carpet museum. Other important cities are Abadan, Daşoguz, Baýramaly, Balkanabad, Turkmenibat and cotton trade center Mary. The UNESCO World Heritage Site lists the historic and cultural location of the ancient city of Merv, the city of Kunya-Urgench and the forts of the Parthen in Nisa. Other places of interest are the historical site of Geok-Teke, the Karakom desert, the caves of Kov Ata, the Kopet Dag mountains, the Firjusa gorge, the river Arden-Cave, with the underground lake and the silk route.

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