Yemen is an Arab country with a population of 23 million people. Saudi Arabia is located north of Yemen. The state of Oman lies to the east. In the south, Yemen has a coastline with the Arabian sea and the Gulf of Aden, to which Somalia also borders. To the west lies the Red Sea, where Djibouti and Eritrea also border. Yemen is a member of the Arab League and is an oil-producing country. Geologically, this country is characterized by inhospitable desert landscapes and high mountains. Yemen has a desert climate in the Tihama region and in the Mountains a milder climate, with some colder winters. With a population of 1.1 million, Sanaa is the capital, whose inner city has been declared a world heritage site. According to legends, the city was founded by Sem (son of Noah). Other important cities are the port city of Mokka (where the coffee is named after), the port and industrial city of Aden, Sa’dah, As-Shalif, Al-Hoedadjah, Ibb and Ta’izz. The world heritage list includes the city of Shibam, with its high-rise buildings also called the Manhattan of the desert, the historic center of the city of Zabid and Socotra, a small archipelago in the Indian Ocean. About a third of the species of flora and fauna are found nowhere else in the world.

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